It’s official now! Four new elements will be added to the Periodic Table that is the base of chemistry. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) declared on Monday that they have discovered four new elements verified as 113, 115, 117 and 118 that will soon find a place in the Periodic Table. Giving names, symbols and providing them an appropriate place in the Periodic Table will be done by the IUPAC in the coming few weeks.
IUPAC will set up a committee where scientists will give their suggestions on the names and symbols for the elements. However, IUPAC has given them temporary names as of now just to make the process of renaming easier.
These elements weren’t discovered yet as they decompose very soon and their presence is very hard to recognize. Since these new elements are non-existent in nature thus, researchers have to cook them in the lab and store them in the preserved conditions to prove their existence.
Lead researcher Kosuke Morita experimented for more than seven years to prove the existence of new elements. He already knew about these elements but due to small decay period, he was unable to prove their existence. Morita said that these elements disappear in less than a second just after being synthesized.
While explaining about the synthesis of these new elements, Morita said that lighter nuclei were slammed into each other to synthesize the new elements. Element 113 will be the first to get the name from Asia. The credit for the discovery of elements goes to the team of Russian and American scientists who worked for several years. It was back in 2004 that the first speculations of new elements were made. Since then scientists worked day and night in order to confirm the existence with adequate proofs.