As per the document tabled in Lok Sabha, 277 fake colleges are part of the Indian Education system. There are all total 277 engineering institutions across the country which do not hold the approval of All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE).

Delhi-capital city of India topped the list with 66 unauthorised colleges. Telangana rests at the second position with 35 fake colleges while West Bengal holds the position on third with 27 colleges. Karnataka follows it with 23 fraud colleges whereas Uttar Pradesh has 22 fake colleges. These states complete the top five list.

On Monday the document tabled in the Lok Sabha by Minister of State Human Resource Development Satya Pal Singh unshuts the reality of 277 colleges across the country.

The Institutions running without the approval of the AICTE are directed to get the recognition from it as soon as possible otherwise they will be closed.

The minister even shared that the University Grants Commission, UGC is monitoring the issue of fake colleges and it has instructed the states to proceed proper action against the bogus institutions running in their state. The commision has already mentioned the names of 24 fake universities on its official website.

The All India Council For Technical Education was established in 1945 November, first recognised as an advisory body, later in 1987 it was designated as the statutory body under Act Of Parliament. It is a statutory body which works under the Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development. It holds the dignity of national-level council for technical education. It includes the responsibility of planning and coordinated progress of the technical education system and management education system in India.

AICTE certifies various graduation and post-graduation programs under specific categories running under the Indian Institutions.

The list of fake universities is dominated by Delhi and Uttar Pradesh with seven and nine Universities respectively.

The University Grants Commision of India was established under UGC Act 1956. It is a statutory body set up by Indian Union Government under Ministry of Human Resource Development. It holds the responsibility to check on coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of higher education. It provides recognition to universities of India and provides funds to it.